What is Urology? What do Urologists Treat? Do you Need to See a Urologist?

Dr. Alex Shteynshlyuger is a urologist in NYC who specializes in treating some of the most complex urology problems in men and women.


If you have any questions, to schedule a consultation or if you need a second opinion, please contact us or call: (646) 663-4477.  


What is Urology?

Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the health of the urinary tract and reproductive tract in men and women.  Urologists are physicians who treat diseases of the urethra, bladder and kidneys in men and women.  Urologists are highly trained urological surgeons who use both medications and surgery as part of comprehensive approach to care for men and women with urological problems.  Urologists are also cancer surgeons who treat cancer of the urinary bladder, kidneys, prostate, and testis. Urologists also treat sexual problems in men including erectile dysfunction, male infertility.

What do Urologists Do?

Urologists are  surgeons specializing in medical and surgical treatment of diseases affecting the kidneys, urinary tract including ureters, bladder and urethra.  Urologists treat men, women and children.  There are more than 10,000 urologists in the USA.

There is a common misconception that urologists treat only males. This is not true. Urologists treat men and women.

– 40% of patients are female (kidney stones, renal/adrenal/bladder cancer, urinary incontinence, UTIs, OAB (Overactive bladder), blood in urine, renal cysts, kidney masses)

– 60% of patients are male (BPH, kidney stones, renal/bladder/prostate cancers, urinary incontinence, UTI, ED (erectile dysfunction), infertility.

In addition urologists deal with diseases of the retroperitoneum where urological organs (kidneys, ureters, adrenal glands are located).

Urologists treat surgical diseases of the kidneys (kidney stones, cancer, obstruction of ureters or kidney, infections) while nephrologists treat medical diseases of the kidneys (chronic renal insufficiency,Nephropathies, glomerulopathies, glomerulonephritis, dialysis, etc). Often nephrologists and urologists work together to solve problems that are common to both specialties.

 What do Urologists Treat?

  1. Urinary tract problems including obstruction
    1. Enlarged prostate, BPH and Urinary Retention in men
    2. Ureteral obstruction caused by kidney stones, cancer-rectal/ovarian/colorectal, etc.
  2. Nephrolithiasis (Kidney Stones)
    1. Medical Management + Prevention of kidney stones
    2. Surgical management of kidney stones including lithotripsy, ESWL, ureteroscopy, PCNL
  3. Urological Oncology / Cancer Medicine
    1. Adrenal masses / tumors / adrenal cancers (incidental and symptomatic)
    2. Renal cancer, kidney masses, renal cysts in men and women
    3. Bladder cancer  and upper tract urothelial cancers (kidney -> urethra) in men and women
    4. Prostate Cancer in men
    5. Testicular cancer in men
  4. Sexual Problems
    1. Erectile dysfunction “ED” / Impotence / Poor erections. “not hard enough”
    2. Premature ejaculation / “coming too fast”
    3. Hypogonadism (low testosterone) in men
    4. Priapism (prolonged erection – sometimes Sickle cell association) in men
  5. Infertility in Men
  • Infertility is not just a ‘woman’ problem. It is often a “couple” problem.
  • 20% male factor alone
  • 30% female factor alone
  • 50% male + female contribution to the problem

Endocrine disorders

  • Infertility in males
  • Adrenal – pituitary axis: Cushings syndrome, hyperaldosteronoma, Pheochromocytoma, etc
  • ED  – hypogonadism

Urinary Incontinence

Females – stress and urge incontinence.

Children – nocturnal incontinence and daytime incontinence

Pediatric Urology

  1. UTI
  2. Undescended testis
  3. Pediatric Oncology (Wilms, renal cancers, testicular cancers, etc)

Dr. Alex Shteynshlyuger is a urologist in NYC who specializes in treating some of the most complex urology problems in men and women.


If you have any questions, to schedule a consultation or if you need a second opinion, please contact us or call: (646) 663-4477.  

We offer affordable, highest-quality urology care with or without insurance.   Find out our office hours or directions to our office. We offer weekday, weekend and evening office hours.


 

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