What is BPH or Enlarged Prostate?
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What are the Causes of Enlarged Prostate / BPH?
BPH refers to benign prostatic hypertrophy, a medical term for enlarged prostate.
What Causes Prostate to Grow?
Over time, under the hormonal influence (from testosterone) the prostate increases in size. Prostate gland has a volume of 15-20 ml or grams in young men (20-30 years old). By the time men reach age 50, it is not uncommon for the prostate gland to grow to 40-50 grams.
Who Gets BPH or Enlarged Prostate?
Enlarged prostate usually occurs in men who are over 40-45 years old. It is fairly uncommon for men younger than 40 to experience symptoms of enlarged prostate. The symptoms are most common after age 50; as men age, they are more likely to develop symptoms of enlarged prostate over time.
Not all men with enlarged prostate develop symptoms of BPH.
Why do Some Men have Very Large Prostate but no Symptoms?
The prostate can grow inward on the urethra or outward into the pelvis. If the prostate grows outward, it may become very large but cause no noticeable symptoms. If the prostate grows inward and pushes on the urethra it may cause symptoms without being very large.
Dr. Alex Shteynshlyuger is a board-certified urologist in NYC who specializes in treating men with enlarged prostate and urinary problems.